Yangtze River History Ⅱ
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Yangtze River History Ⅱ

Yangtze River

In the two thousands years between Western Zhou Dynasty to Qing Dynasty, there left large amount of ancient buildings, ancient tombs, ancient stone carvings, ancient kiln sites and some other relics in the wide Yangtze River Basin. There formed Bashu Culture, Jingchu Culture and Wuyue Culture in the upstream, midstream and downstream of the Yangtze River, they affected each other and became more prosperous. These relics in Yangtze River basin are important parts of Yangtze Cruise tourist.

Yangtze River History – Ancient Buildings

The Stone Gate of Feng Huan is the stone gate before the tomb of Anzhou prefectural governor in East Han Dynasty. It is the earliest remaining stone gate in Sichuan Province. It is valuable for researching the building and carving art in Han Dynasty. The stone gate of Yinyang House is the most delicate carving in the remaining stone gates.

The copper pole in Xizhou (Yongshun, Hunan Province) was carved with covenant on it in Five Dynasties; the iron tower in Yuquan Temple (Dangyang, Hubei Province) was Buddhism building; the golden hall of Taiheguan (in Kunming, Yunan Province) is ancient Taoism building.

The "China Ancient Residence Museum" in Yixian, Anhui Province got the reputation of the treasure-house of Chinese ancient buildings. It is the epitome of traditional culture.

Datun Chief Manor (Bijie, Guizhou Province) is the best protected one among the chief manors in the end of Qing Dynasty; the Xiangjinong Residence (Jingde, Jiangxi Province), Qiankou Residence were built in Ming Dynasty; the Yuelu Academy, Bailu Academy, Xiqin Hall, Du Fu Thatched Cottage are famous buildings; the Zhuokeji Chief Fortress was minority nationality governor building which combined the reside, government office and defense together (Maerkang, Sichuan Province).

Yangtze River History – Ancient Tombs

The ancient tombs in Yangtze River Basin mainly include Leigudun Tombs group in Suizhou, Hubei Province; Chu Dynasty tombs group in Jinzhou; Chu Dynasty tombs group in Zhejiang and Sichuan; Mahaoya Tomb in Leshan; Suspending Coffins group of Ji; Qin and Han Dynasties Tombs in Jinzhou; Qin Dynasty tomb in Yunmeng, Han Dynasty tomb in Changsha; Wangjian Tomb, Li Zicheng Tomb, Zhang Heng Tomb, Li Shizhen tomb, Xingxian Tomb, two tombs in North Tang Dynasty, Mingxiao Tomb and so on.

Yangtze River History – Ancient Stone Carvings, Inscriptions, Statues

The stone carvings and statues in Yangtze River basin includes The Beishan Cliff Stone Carvings; Baoding Mountain Cliff Carvings; Leshan Giant Buddha; White Crane Ridge Inscription; Maijishan Grottoes; Baoxiedao Stone Gate and its Cliff Carvings; especially Yuan Zi Cliff Inscription historically reflected the relationship of Yunnan border areas and the Central Plains. It is also an important historical heritage of national friendship.

The stone tablet of Duan and thirty-seven Alliance Tablet in Qujing, Yunnan Province was carved by Dali Kingdom in Song Dynasty, which also known as Stone City Alliance Tablet. It is important data for researching the relationship between Dali Kingdom and Yunan Nationality. Dali Nanzhao Dehua Monument was important stone tablet to praise the relationship between Nanzhao and Tang Kingdom. Qixia Mountain Stone Carving is one of the oldest running scripts among Tang tablets.

Yangtze River History – Kiln Sites

The celadon kilns during Jing Dynasty to the Tang Dynasty, Junshan Kilns in Yichang Province were kiln group of Northern in Wu and Jing Period, where is one of important production area of celadon. Changsha Copper Kiln Sites was celadon kiln sites of five periods in Tang Dynasty. It created the colorful ceramic, which was meaningful in ceramic history.

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