Three Gorges Dam Benefits
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Three Gorges Dam Benefits

Three Gorges Dam

The Three Gorges Dam is a great project with flood control, power generation, navigation, cultivation, tourism, ecological protection, environment purification, development-oriented resettlement, South-to-North water diversion, irrigation and some other benefits.

Three Gorges Dam Benefits – Flood Control

After the Three Gorges Dam built, it can defense hundred-year flood, which ensured the safe of middle and down stream of the Yangtze River. If there is thousand-year flood, it can avoid the harm of damage with the help of flood diversion area. History will prove that the Three Gorges Dam is the Guardian of 2300 mu fields and 150 million people's lives and property and the safe of Jingguang Railway and Jingjiu Railway.

Three Gorges Dam Benefits – Power Generation

After the Three Gorges Dam built, the surging water will be effective for power generation in Three Gorges Hydropower Station. The Three Gorges Hydropower Station is located in the hinterland of China; the transmission distance to each load centre in China is less than 1000 kilometers, hence it is the center of every electric network. After the electric network combining together, it not only can supply the hydropower, nuclear power, but also can greatly improve the quality and benefits of electric network. Therefore, the Three Gorges Hydropower Station will become the hub of electric network in China.

Three Gorges Dam Benefits – Navigation

After Three Gorges Dam built, there were some dangerous shoals submerged, and the width of river course was increased to 1100 meters so that ten thousands tons ships can directly reach the river, the navigation cost will decrease 37 percents and annual one-way navigation capacity can over 50 million tons.

Three Gorges Dam Benefits – Cultivation

After Three Gorges Dam built, there formed an 1150 square kilometers wide water surface. Besides the navigation course, there is about 700 square kilometers wide water surface. The flow rate becomes slower, water quality becomes more clear and nutritive, and the water surface becomes warmer, which is the giant cultivation base of shrimp, fish, goose, duck, and turtle. Furthermore, the form of Three Gorges Reservoir will greatly promote the development of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, fishery, industry, commerce, scientific, tourism and trade on the both banks of the Yangtze River.

Three Gorges Dam Benefits – Tourism

The water level of the Yangtze River increased about 110 meters due to the Three Gorges Dam. Except the Qu Yuan Temple, Zhang Fei Temple and minority stone carvings were removed, the other scenic spots just as it was. With the improvement of transportation condition, there will add Dazu Grotto, Ganlan, Lesser Three Gorges, Shennongjia, Cave Groups, Shennong Stream, Gezihe Stone Forest and some other galleries, adding two modern spectacles – Gezhouba Dam and Three Gorges Dam. At that time, the galleries on the both banks of the Yangtze River from Chongqing to Yichang and the two modern spectacles will attract visitors around the world.

Three Gorges Dam Benefits – Environment Protection

The annual power generation capacity of Three Gorges Hydropower Station can reach 85 billion degrees. And the amount of waste gas and waste residue released by Three Gorges Hydropower Station will greatly less than other power stations. Hence, the Three Gorges Project is the environment "cleaning cartridge" which can not be compared.

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