Brief Introduction of Chongqing
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Brief Introduction of Chongqing

Chongqing People's Hall

Chongqing is one of the four municipalities directly under the Central Government. It is located in the southwest of China. It is the economic center and financial center of the Upper Reaches Area of Yangtze River. It is a processing base of the inland export commodities. It is an important base of China's modern manufacturing industry. It is a demonstration zone of ecological civilization and the shipping center of Upper Reaches Area of Yangtze River.

Chongqing has a long history. It is a historical and cultural city announced by the State Council. It is called Mountainous City since there are a lot of mountains here. It is also called Fog City for there are many foggy days in a year.

Chongqing – Geographical Location

Chongqing is a landlocked city in southwestern of China. It is located at the eastern margin of Sichuan Basin with Hubei Province and Hunan Province in its east, Guizhou Province in its south, Sichuan Province in its west and Shaanxi Province in its north. It covers an area of 82400 square kilometers in which the main urban area takes 647.78 square kilometers.

Chongqing – Climate

Chongqing enjoys a sub-tropical monsoon climate. The annual average temperature here is 18 ℃, the lowest temperature in winter averages 6-8 ℃, and the highest temperature in July averages more than 35℃. The extreme highest temperature reaches 43℃ and the extreme lowest temperature is -2℃. The total sunshine hours is about 1000-1200 hours every year. It is warm in winter and hot in summer. It has a long frost-free period. It has abundant rainfall; the annual rainfall is about 1000-1450 millimeters. There are a lot of night rains when spring is changing into summer.

Chongqing – Rivers

There are many rivers flow through Chongqing: Yangtze River, Jialing River, Wu River, Fu River, Qi River, Daning River and so on. Yangtze River flows through Chongqing from the west to the east. It crossed three anticlines of Wu Mountain and formed the worldly famous Three Gorges - Qutang Gorge, Wu Gorge and Xiling Gorge (in Hubei Province). Yangtze River and Jialing River flow through the main urban area of Chongqing.

Chongqing – Population

Han Nationality takes most part of the population of Chongqing. Besides, there are Tujia Nationality, Miao Nationality, Hui Nationality, Man Nationality, Yi Nationality, Zhuang Nationality, Bouyei Nationality, Mongol Nationality, Uyghur nationality and so on. The total population of the ethnic groups is 210, 3000 which takes 6.5 point of the population of Chongqing. The ethnic groups are mainly distributed in Qianjiang County, Pengshui County, Xiushan County and so on.

Chongqing – Religion

There are five religions in Chongqing: Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Catholicism and Protestantism. There are about 1200000 believers which takes 4 percent of the total population of Chongqng.

Chongqing – Transportation

Chongqing is located at the connecting area of central China and west China. The railway, waterway, highway, air transportation and pipeline transportation in Chongqing develop rapidly. Chongqing is the only big city in the Upper Reaches of Yangtze River which collects water transportation, land transportation and air transportation. It is a comprehensive transportation hub of the southwest region.

Chongqing – Scenic Spots

Chongqing is rich in tourism resources. It has magnificent natural landscape collects mountain, river, forest, spring, gorge, waterfall and cave. It has a profound cultural landscape which merges Bayu Culture, Migrates Culture, Three Gorges Culture, Temporary Capital Culture (it was a temporary capital in the Anti-Japanese War Period) and Urban Culture. There are more than 300 scenic spots in Chongqing. Among which there are 13 key national cultural protection units, 6 key national scenic spots, 1 world natural heritage and 1 world cultural heritage. Hot pot in Chongqing is also very famous.

The following are the most popular scenic spots in Chongqing: Three Gorges, White Emperor City, Shibaozhai (Shibao Stockade), Xiannu (Fairy) Mountain National Forest Park, Northern Spring Park in Beibei District, Dazu Grotto, the Mountain of Tea and Sea of Bamboo in Yongchuan District and so on.

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